During World War II, the liberty ship SS Abner Doubleday was named in his honor. On Cemetery Hill, however, the I Corps could muster only a third of its men as effective for duty, and the corps was essentially destroyed as a combat force for the rest of the battle; it would be decommissioned in March 1864, its surviving units consolidated into other corps. Gettysburg was his finest hour, but his relief by Maj. Gen. George G. Meade caused lasting enmity between the two men. This claim has been thoroughly debunked by baseball historians. He died in New York on January 25 th 1893, and was buried in Arlington National Cemetery. 13 Genealogytrails.com, West Point bios 1842 class. His father fought in the War of 1812, serving at the naval facility at Sacketts Harbor in New York.3 He returned to Auburn, New York, after the war. He assumed command of the corps after John F. Reynolds was killed, and his troops fought well but had to withdraw to Cemetery Hill. Doubleday spent much of his time writing. Doubleday was a supporter of abolition and voted for Abraham Lincoln in 1860.14 Most other officers either supported slavery or supported variations between state’s rights or other alternatives in support or opposition to slavery. By the third year of the Civil War, Doubleday was a reliable general and his biographer Thomas Barthel describes him this way: “He has never been given credit he deserves for his actions in the Civil War or later because he was not one of the boys. This reputation was not glamorous. General Abner and Mary Doubleday He entered the United States Military Academy 1 Sep 1838 and graduated 1 Jul … Volunteers. [citation needed], In 2004, the Abner Doubleday Society erected a monument to Doubleday in Iron Spring Park, Ballston Spa, near his birthplace.[25]. In 1839, West Point began issuing grades and standings for students. Also while in Washington, Doubleday testified against George Meade at the United States Congress Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War, criticizing him harshly over his conduct of the Battle of Gettysburg. … In the polarized political atmosphere of the Army of the Potomac, it suited Meade to believe that this constituted a very good reason to yank backward one of the better-known Republican abolitionists in the army.”28, On the third day of the battle Doubleday’s troops were stationed on Cemetery Ridge and helped fight off Pickett’s Charge. Abner Doubleday On the civilian side of the ledger, he secured a patent on the San Francisco cable car railway that runs to this day. In San Francisco, after the war, he obtained a patent on the cable car railway that still runs there. He died in 1893 and was buried in Arlington National Cemetery. [12], Doubleday died of heart disease in 1893. Civil War Union Major General. … Seen not as a foolhardy soldier but as a steadfast one, many times in the future Doubleday would be asked to anchor a line and protect the flank of a large body of soldiers. Overall, Doubleday stood number 19 in a class of 76 members; many first-year students did not make it through the plebe year. Research on Gumpert’s work was provided by Mark Pattison. He published newspapers and books and served two terms in the US Congress.4, In the library at the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum in Cooperstown is a letter that gives some insight into how Abner Doubleday spent his youth. He began the war as a supply officer but applied for and received an artillery posting.11 He was in the fight from 1846 to 1848, and fought at the Battle of Monterey (September 21-23, 1846) and at the Rincouda Pass during the Battle of Buena Vista. He is credited in some circles as one of the fathers of baseball, but that has long since been debunked. Doubleday, who died in 1898 at age 73, is buried at Arlington National … [10], Doubleday's staff nicknamed him "Forty-Eight Hours" as a compliment to recognize his tendency to avoid reckless or impulsive actions and his thoughtfulness and deliberateness in considering circumstances and possible responses. At Chancellorsville in May 1863, the division was kept in reserve. In 1871 he commanded the 24th U.S. Infantry, an all African-American regiment with headquarters at Fort McKavett, Texas. He and his wife, Mary, retired to Mendham, New Jersey. His maternal grandfather was a messenger for George Washington in the early years of the Revolution. During the winter, the I Corps was reorganized and Doubleday assumed command of the 3rd Division. In the 23rd episode of the anime Samurai Champloo, titled "Baseball Blues", Doubleday and Alexander Cartwright are featured as American naval officers who engage the main characters and local Japanese people into a baseball game, which the Americans lose. Abner Doubleday, military officer, son of Ulysses F. and Hester (Donnelly) Doubleday, was born at Ballston Spa, New York, on June 26, 1819. They had no children. So what about Abner Doubleday’s “invention” of baseball? [6] He formally requested reinstatement as I Corps commander, but Meade refused, and Doubleday left Gettysburg on July 7 for Washington. He was stationed in San Francisco from 1869 through 1871 and he took out a patent for the cable car railway that still runs there, receiving a charter for its operation, but signing away his rights when he was reassigned. Alderman, 1890), 115. The character organizes the first game of baseball between the six main characters and a group of Chinese immigrants, creating the rules as he goes, primarily to allow him to win. A Myth and Legend Greater than Gettysburg: Abner Doubleday and Baseball As a lieutenant of the 1st Artillery, Doubleday was involved in the hostilities against the Apaches from 1854 to 1855 on the Texas border. He was enrolled in Company L, 2nd New York Volunteer Heavy Artillery Regiment on January 1, 1864, and was mustered in as a 2nd Lieutenant on January 10, 1864. In World War II, the United States liberty ship SS Abner Doubleday was named in his honor. [2] Part of the confusion could stem from there being another man by the same name in Cooperstown in 1839.[14]. Doubleday was posted to the garrison at Fort Moultrie at Charleston, South Carolina, in 1858, an assignment that had a huge influence on his military career.13 In the 1850s there was a huge split in the Army over slavery. In the 1870s, he was listed in the New York business directory as lawyer. The Abner Doubleday Little League and Babe Ruth Fields in Ballston Spa, New York, the town of his birth. Doubleday was a cadet at West Point in the year of the alleged invention and his family had moved away from Cooperstown the prior year. Before the Civil War began, Doubleday noted that Charleston was not a pleasant place to be, commenting, “Almost every public assemblage was tinctured with treasonable sentiments and toasts against the flag were always warmly applauded.”15, His service against the Confederacy began where the war began, at Fort Sumter in Charleston harbor. For the morale of the men, he is said to have provisioned balls and bats for the men. [11] In recent years, biographers have turned the nickname into an insult, incorrectly claiming "Forty-Eight Hours" was coined to highlight Doubleday's supposed incompetence and slowness to act.[11]. He attended West Point, and graduated in 1842 with a commission in the artillery. Volunteers in the Army of the Potomac. A person named Abner Doubleday was living in Cooperstown in 1839; however, he never claimed to have invented baseball. [16] There is a 7-foot (2.1 m) obelisk monument at Arlington National Cemetery where he is buried. [2][3], Doubleday, the son of Ulysses F. Doubleday and Hester Donnelly, was born in Ballston Spa, New York, in a small house on the corner of Washington and Fenwick streets. His maternal grandfather Thomas Donnelly joined the army at 14 and was a mounted messenger for George Washington. A sign at the Doubleday Hill Monument, erected in Williamsport, Maryland to commemorate Doubleday's occupation of a hill there during the Civil War, claims he invented the game in 1835. In the actions at Brawner's farm, just before the Second Battle of Bull Run, he took the initiative to send two of his regiments to reinforce Brigadier General John Gibbon's brigade against a larger Confederate force, fighting it to a standstill. Doubleday never forgave Meade, and his career with the Army of the Potomac was over.27 Allen C. Guelzo, in Gettysburg: The Last Invasion, writes, “The written update (General John) Hancock sent back to Meade from Gettysburg included a brief statement – “Howard says that Doubleday’s command gave way” – which became fixed in Meade’s mind as proof that Doubleday had lost all control of I Corps and somehow caused the collapse of both the I and the XI Corps. Some historians make the argument that he kept Cemetery Ridge as part of the Federal lines during the first day’s fighting. [5], On July 2, 1863, Army of the Potomac commander Maj. Gen. George G. Meade replaced Doubleday with Major General John Newton, a more junior officer from another corps. [4] Abner spent his childhood in Auburn and later was sent to Cooperstown to live with his uncle and attend a private preparatory high school. While the modern rules of baseball were formulated in New York during the 1840s, it was the scattering of New Yorkers exposed to these rules throughout the country, that spread not only baseball, but also the "New York Rules", thereby harmonizing the rules, and being a catalyst for its growth. He received a brevet promotion to lieutenant colonel in the regular army for his actions at Antietam and was promoted in March 1863 to major general of volunteers, to rank from November 29, 1862. He does have one valid link to baseball -- Hall of Famer Wade Boggs is Abner Doubleday's seventh cousin. An 1838 graduate of the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York, he is known today more for the myth that he invented Modern Baseball while a cadet at West Point than for his accomplishments as a Major General in the Union Army during the Civil War. Civil War Academy 2019-06 … [19] It has hosted the Hall of Fame Classic since 2009. He was born on June 26, 1819, in Ballston Spa, N.Y. Doubleday assumed administrative duties in the defenses of Washington, D.C., where he was in charge of courts martial, which gave him legal experience that he used after the war. Had the jagged part struck first it would have killed me.”29, Doubleday was assigned to the defense of Washington, and his last combat was in fighting off Confederate General Jubal Early during raids in 1864. His last-year scores were 26th in Engineering; 29th in Ethics; 30th in Infantry Tactics; 32nd in Artillery; and 32nd in Mineralogy and Geology. Abner Doubleday is the mythical \"inventor\" of baseball. He died there in the autumn of 1926. Doubleday had a number of West Point classmates who served in the Civil War, including John Newton and John Pope. He was born in the state of New York in Ballston Spa. His first combat assignment was to lead the 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, III Corps of the Army of Virginia during the Northern Virginia Campaign. 15-Dec-1792, d. 10-Mar-1866) Mistress: Hester Donnelly Doubleday (b. 34 Civilwarwomenblog.com/mary-doubleday.htm. Major Anderson remained in the Union Army, and Doubleday remarked that he was in a cruel situation.16, The Southerners opened fire on Sumter during the early morning hours of April 12, and Anderson offered only token resistance. When two of the founders of that society, Helena Blavatsky and Henry Steel Olcott, moved to India at the end of that year, he was constituted as the president of the American body. [4] While in Washington, Doubleday remained a loyal Republican and staunch supporter of President Abraham Lincoln. His family lived in a tiny house, and they … 20 Rufus R. Dawes, Service with the Sixth Wisconsin Volunteers (Marietta, Ohio: E.R. [6] In 1852, he married Mary Hewitt of Baltimore, the daughter of a local lawyer. There, Doubleday was second in command to Major Robert Anderson, who was from Kentucky and was from a slave-owning family. 26 civilwararchive.com/CORPS/1stcorps.htm. Reach, a former Philadelphia Athletics player and the owner of Reach Sporting Goods; George Wright, a former player with the Cincinnati Red Stockings; and James E. Sullivan, president of the Amateur Athletic Union.35, The commission’s decision, released in 1908, stated that Abner Doubleday invented baseball at Cooperstown, New York, in 1839. [5] He was wounded in the neck on the second day of Gettysburg and received a brevet promotion to colonel in the regular army for his service. It was Doubleday's finest performance during the war, five hours leading 9,500 men against ten Confederate brigades that numbered more than 16,000. Among the members of the honor guard at his funeral in New York was a man named Abraham Mills who would play a major role in Doubleday’s future fame. Abner Doubleday is my great great uncle.everyone always goes on about how he wasnt really the one who created baseball.of,His cousin (my grandmother)Colleen Catherine Doubleday(now Rafuse)has pictures,war papers stating exactly where he died,ant other things of his. Fort Moultrie had been abandoned after South Carolina seceded, and its garrison was moved to Fort Sumter. He attended school at Auburn and Cooperstown, where he prepared for a career in civil engineering. He retired from the United States Army in 1873 and died in 1893. In 1908, fifteen years after his death, Doubleday was declared by the Mills Commission to have invented the game of baseball (a claim never made by Doubleday during his lifetime). During the first day’s battle Doubleday’s troops suffered nearly 65 percent casualties, but also blunted the onslaught of troops under Confederate Generals Harry Heth and Robert Rodes.26, Doubleday believed he would assume command of the I Corps, but the commander of the Army of the Potomac, George Meade, gave the command to John Newton. [6], In the summer of 1878, Doubleday lived in Mendham Township, New Jersey, and became a prominent member of the Theosophical Society. 555 N. Central Ave. #416 The British-born Chadwick believed the game evolved from the English game of rounders. The Mills Commission, chaired by Abraham G. Mills, the fourth president of the National League, was appointed in 1905 to determine the origin of baseball. He subsequently referred to himself as the "hero of Sumter" for this role. 23 James M. McPherson, Battle Cry of Freedom: The Civil War Era (New York: Oxford University Press, 1988), 525-533. [15], There is a monument to Doubleday at Gettysburg erected by his men, admirers, and the state of New York. Doubleday was also the author of two published books on his Civil War experiences. In 1905 Abraham G. Mills was appointed by Albert G. Spalding to head a commission to determine when and where baseball began. Under the rules of engagement, the Fort Sumter garrison was allowed to vacate the fortress. Phone: 602.496.1460 "[13], However, there is considerable evidence to dispute this claim. Cronkite School at ASU His father, Ulysses F., fought in the War of 1812, published newspapers and books, and represented Auburn, New York for four years in the United States Congress. 24 Byron Farwell, Stonewall: A Biography of General Thomas J. Jackson (New York: W.W. Norton, 1992), 109-110, 129. He and his wife, Mary, retired to Mendham, New Jersey. Army and a general for the Union during the Civil War. He graduated from the military academy at West Point in 1842 and was an artillery officer in the Mexican War from 1846 to 1848 and in the Seminole War in Florida from 1856 to 1858. Despite the lack of solid evidence linking Doubleday to the origins of baseball, Cooperstown, New York, became the new home of what is today the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum in 1937. [7], Doubleday initially served in coastal garrisons and then in the Mexican–American War from 1846 to 1848 and the Seminole Wars from 1856 to 1858. … They then attacked near my position opening with from 100 to 150 pieces of artillery. Abner Doubleday was born to Ulysses F. Doubleday and Hester Donnelly, in Ballston Spa, New York, on 26th June 1819. In his final years in New Jersey, he was a prominent member and later president of the Theosophical Society. He was also a Union general at the Battle of Gettysburg. He published two important works on the Civil War: Reminiscences of Forts Sumter and Moultrie (1876), and Chancellorsville and Gettysburg (1882), the latter being a volume of the series Campaigns of the Civil War. "[5] He was wounded when an artillery shell exploded near his horse, throwing him to the ground in a violent fall. The mythology remains strong today, but most serious baseball historians believe the game comes from England and other ball and bat games in prehistory.6. Died 26 Jan 1893 in Mendham, New Jersey. He was replaced by Brigadier General John P. "Bats, Balls, and Bullets". Abner Doubleday was born on June 26, 1819, in Ballston Spa, New Yorkto Hester Donnelly and Ulysses F. Doubleday. After the Civil War, Doubleday mustered out of the volunteer service on August 24, 1865, reverted to the rank of lieutenant colonel, and became the colonel of the 35th U.S. Infantry in September 1867. Albany, New York, 1918. During this time he was promoted to brigadier general of U.S. Hatch. According to the National Archives in Washington, D.C., Doubleday’s activities involved mapping the Everglades and the areas that became the cities of Miami and Fort Lauderdale, plus planning for roads and swamp drainage.12. Doubleday was a high-ranking officer, whose duties included seeing to provisions for the US Army fighting throughout the south and border states. When you examine the life of Abner Doubleday you eventually have to come to the point expressed by classic detective Joe Friday: “Just the facts, ma’am, just the facts.” Okay, so here are two facts about General Abner Doubleday’s life. His paternal grandfather, Abner Doubleday fought in the American Revolutionary War while his maternal grandfather Thomas Donnelly also served in the army as a moun… [17], Doubleday Field is a 9,791-seat baseball stadium named for Abner Doubleday, located in Cooperstown, New York, near the Baseball Hall of Fame. Doubleday Scrapbook. Chairman Mills himself, who had been a Civil War colleague of Doubleday and a member of the honor guard for Doubleday's body as it lay in state in New York City, never recalled hearing Doubleday describe his role as the inventor. Mary died on March 13, 1907. “I was brought up in a book store and early imbibed a taste for reading. I was fond of poetry and art and much interested in mathematical studies. Having acquired the “evidence” they needed, no one bothered to check further with Graves. In 1858 he posted to Florida. He served until he was honorably mustered out on January 16, 1865. He was appointed brigadier general of volunteers on February 3, 1862, and was assigned to duty in northern Virginia while the Army of the Potomac conducted the Peninsula Campaign. It concluded by saying, "in the years to come, in the view of the hundreds of thousands of people who are devoted to baseball, and the millions who will be, Abner Doubleday's fame will rest evenly, if not quite as much, upon the fact that he was its inventor ... as upon his brilliant and distinguished career as an officer in the Federal Army. He fired the first shot in defense of Fort Sumter, the opening battle of the war, and had a pivotal role in the early fighting at the Battle of Gettysburg. Doubleday fired the Union’s first cannon shot but the shot did no damage and on April 14 Fort Sumter surrendered. BIBLIOGRAPHY: Paul H. Carlson, "Baseball's Abner Doubleday on the Texas Frontier, 1871–1873," Military History of Texas and the Southwest 12 (1974). ... My life in the Old Army: the Reminiscences of Abner Doubleday: from the Collections of the New-York Historical Society. Early in the Valley Campaigns of 1864. Abner Doubleday, (born June 26, 1819, Ballston Spa, N.Y., U.S.—died Jan. 26, 1893, Mendham, N.J.), U.S. Army officer, once thought to be the inventor of baseball. Mary died on March 13, 1907. [21], Doubleday Field at the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York, where the Army Black Knights play at Johnson Stadium, is named in Doubleday's honor.[22]. He died on January 26, 1893. They had no children. / Died: 26 January 1893: How many years did Abner Doubleday live? Abner Doubleday (June 26, 1819 – January 26, 1893) was a career United States Army officer and Union major general in the American Civil War. Doubleday’s first combat came during the Mexican War. Furthermore, the primary testimony to the commission that connected baseball to Doubleday was that of Abner Graves, whose credibility is questionable; a few years later, he shot his wife to death and was committed to an institution for the criminally insane for the rest of his life. 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