In September 1999, the World Bank and International Monetary Fund adopted a new framework for achieving sustainable poverty reduction that requires nationally-owned poverty reduction strategies – contained in Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSPs) – to serve as the basis for concessional lending and for debt relief within the Highly Indebted Poor Countries Initiative. Roy Culpeper noted participants’ statements that each country is unique and has its own individual circumstances. On IISD’s role with regard to poverty alleviation, sustainable development and the aid agenda, one participant stressed the need for policy relevant research for use by policy-makers and practitioners. An important way to ‘govern the borders’ is the development of model villages. For more information contact: Axumite Gebre-Egziabher, Coordinator, Istanbul+ 5, UN Centre for Human Settlements, Nairobi, Kenya; tel: +254-2-623-831; e-mail: [email protected]; Internet: http://www.istanbul5.org/meetings/, SPECIAL SESSION OF THE UN GENERAL ASSEMBLY ON CHILDREN: The Special Session of the United Nations General Assembly on Children will take place from 19-21 September 2001 at UN Headquarters in New York. She said institutional factors can enable this as a next step and called for institutions that empower people. One participant said lessons learned, particularly over the past 15 years, include the importance of country driven/owned strategies, inclusion of civil society, and coordination between all partners. The opinions expressed in Sustainable Developments are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of IISD and other funders. She said limitations were encountered in replication of the initiative and noted the need to create links with national institutions as part of a second phase. The ILO estimates that this year 1.4 billion people worldwide (42 per cent of total employment) face vulnerable employment conditions. He stressed that the programme should not be judged based on the preliminary reports and first impressions. print PDF files across all major computing platforms. Institutionalizing Learning in Rural Poverty Alleviation Initiatives (Irene Guijt, J. Berdegue, G. Escobar, E. Ramirez and J. Keitaanranta) 106 From Theory to Practice of Sustainable Development. During the afternoon sessions, workshop participants considered an overview of a sustainable development framework elaborated by IISD and engaged in plenary and panel discussions on key issues raised during the meeting. Yet, it is becoming more difficult to rely on manufacturing to create jobs. 901 esq.9a, Miramar, Playa Ciudad de la Habana, CP 11300, Cuba; tel: +53-7-249-461; Internet: http://www.unchs.org/unchs/english/calendar/, WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION MEETINGS: The WTO’s General Council will meet several times in 2001: 8-9 February, 7-8 May, 18-19 July, 10-11 October and 12-14 December. Technological change, especially in robotics and artificial intelligence, is providing a wide variety of options to automate industrial production and the delivery of a range of services (driverless cars may be around the corner; restaurants and shops increasingly carry the option to order by touchscreen and retail hubs are disappearing due to on-line shopping). POVERTY ALLEVIATION AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IMPLICATIONS FOR THE MANAGEMENT OF NATURAL CAPITAL BY A. MARKANDYA1 UNIVERSITY OF BATH AND THE WORLD BANK PREPARED FOR THE WORKSHOP ON POVERTY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OTTAWA, 23RD JANUARY 2001 ORGANIZED BY THE INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT REVISED … Distinguished guests, However, in spite of some progress in addressing poverty, the problem remains. On poverty and sustainable development, she said the issues are linked through the concept of sustainable livelihoods. Excellencies, First, as important as the rate of economic growth, is the way in which the benefits of growth are shared across society. In the 1950s and 1960s, efforts often involved investments in large-scale physical infrastructure projects, while in the 1970s the focus shifted to the development of human capital. Another participant noted a shift in governance that has increased the power of the private sector and transnational corporations, and called for stronger regulations and constraints for the sake of the environment. Although poverty is a multi-dimensional phenomenon, poverty levels are often measured using economic dimensions based on income and consumption [].Amartya Sen’s capability deprivation approach for poverty measurement, on the other hand, defines poverty as not merely a matter of actual income but an inability to acquire certain minimum … He stated that the ongoing deterioration and destruction of natural ecosystems is a barrier to tackling poverty and achieving sustainable development. It was in the light of these events that this high-level workshop was organized to consider the linkages between poverty alleviation and sustainable development. Just to give examples from gender gaps in labour markets, in some regions, the unemployment rate of women is more than double that of men. He noted that poverty is a wider concept than just lack of income, and stressed local conditions relating to rights to resources and participation in decision-making as vital to poverty alleviation. Speech at the 2017 Global Poverty Reduction and Development Forum on “Targeted Poverty Alleviation and 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda” - Beijing, China Excellencies, Distinguished guests, Ladies and gentlemen. The topic of the multi-stakeholder dialogue segment will be energy and transport. For more information contact: Financing for Development Coordinating Secretariat, United Nations Headquarters, New York, Harris Gleckman, tel: +1-212-963-4690; e-mail: [email protected] or Federica Pietracci, tel: +1-212-963-8497; e-mail: [email protected]; Internet: http://www.un.org/esa/ffd, WORLD SUMMIT ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT (RIO+10): This UN Summit for the 10-year review of progress in implementing the outcome of the UN Conference on Environment and Development will take place in Johannesburg, South Africa in 2002. Noting progress during the past century in addressing structural and infrastructure obstacles to poverty alleviation, he said the challenge now is to develop strategies to employ the immense wealth creation potential developed in western society and being emulated elsewhere to eradicate poverty. Second, environmental calamities would keep some 800 million poor people from rising out of extreme poverty, as they would otherwise have done under the base case scenario. One participant made the point that poverty alleviation is fundamentally bottom-up and situational, while another commented on the evolution of the formal and informal sectors, noting that they may merge, or may develop independently in a way that leads to tensions or conflict between the two sectors. He said these principles require a comprehensive model, and that PRSPs are one instrument for implementing them. More information is available online at: http://www.un.org/esa/socdev/csd/2001.htm, UNITED NATIONS COMMISSION ON POPULATION AND DEVELOPMENT: The Commission's 34th Session will take place from 2-6 April 2001 in New York. On December 24, 2019, China Daily announced that in 2019 in China, more than ten million people were expected to be lifted from poverty. We need only look at the devastating impact of the recent hurricanes in many Caribbean islands to be reminded of the vulnerabilities to shocks that so many around the world still face. Since the late 1990s, the typical family in several developed countries has not shared in the gains of expanding economies. He commented on the PRSPs’ lack of focus on sustainable development and called for more research on relationships between PRSPs and their compatibility with securing long-term needs. Poverty reduction, poverty relief, or poverty alleviation, is a set of measures, both economic and humanitarian, that are intended to permanently lift people out of poverty.. One participant noted that ministries of environment and non-governmental organizations will become marginalized in the process by finance ministries. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are a bold commitment to finish what we started, and end poverty in all forms and dimensions by 2030. She recommended that IISD assist the development of participatory processes. ILO data shows that labor productivity in 36 developed economies rose by 17 percent between 1999 and 2013, but real wages increased by only 6 percent over that period. During this period, however, the strategies and approaches to tackle the problem have changed. It can support poverty alleviation, economic growth, and biodiversity conservation and contribute to key global agreements and frameworks, including the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. It will review and appraise progress made on the implementation of the outcome of the second UN Conference on Human Settlements (Habitat II), which was held in Istanbul, Turkey in 1996. It is vulnerable to shocks and crises, be it economic crises, disasters caused by natural hazards, the impacts of climate change, disease outbreaks, and conflicts. More information is available online at: http://www.un.org/rio%2b10/. He said a case-by-case approach to poverty alleviation was required and said a "one-size-fits-all approach" was not appropriate. SUMMARY OF THE WORKSHOP ON POVERTY ALLEVIATION AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT: EXPLORING THE LINKS23 JANUARY 2001. Poverty alleviation strategies. The theme for the meeting will be "Population, environment and development." Sinopec's Fixed-point Poverty Alleviation and Pairing Program Lifts Eight Counties Out of Poverty in Response to UN Sustainable Development Goals. For more information contact: Maude Lichtenstern, World Economic Forum; tel: +41-22-869-1210; e-mail [email protected]; Internet: http://weforum.org/ or http://www.ac.com/ideas/wef/Davos_2001.html, THIRD INTERNATIONAL MEETING OF ECONOMISTS ON GLOBALIZATION AND DEVELOPMENT ISSUES: This meeting will be held in Havana, Cuba, from 29 January- 2 February 2001. On the links between PRSPs and the HIPC process, he expressed concerns regarding possible trade-offs and a possible lack of incremental funds. Jacques Gérin, Chair of the Board of Directors of the International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD), welcomed participants and introduced the topic of poverty alleviation and sustainable development. This meeting will be held ten years after the World Summit for Children. The MDGs have formed the central reference point for global development efforts since they were established as international targets in 2000. One speaker said the focus under the PRSPs should be on processes by which governments include other institutions, cautioning that governments have their own objectives that are not compatible with a bottom-up approach. The 36th Session in 2003 will focus on "Population education and development." This issue is written and edited by Malena Sell [email protected] and Chris Spence [email protected]. He noted the consistency of the PRSP approach with Joseph Stiglitz’s development paradigm. On the relationship between the HIPC process and PRSPs, he said the development of poverty reduction strategies has been agreed as a prerequisite for faster debt relief. Some 340 counties would no longer be labeled as ‘impoverished’. The United Nations has taken the lead through the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) project, which is a framework for assisting countries and donors in their efforts to alleviate poverty. Speech at the 2017 Global Poverty Reduction and Development Forum on “Targeted Poverty Alleviation and 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda”  - Beijing, China She said this resulted in higher incomes and less out-migration. The SDGs are the follow-on framework to the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) that covered the period 2000–2015. The e-conference, which began earlier in January and would continue into February, was facilitated by IISD and involved about 750 participants. This can only be achieved with a combination of effective social protection and improved creation of decent jobs, especially for the large and growing segment of young people. 149 likes. He expressed support for Stiglitz’s call for a new development strategy, adding that sustainable development should be incorporated as the guiding principle or framework for this strategy. The progress on poverty reduction in China is a big part of the overall global progress in lifting people out of poverty. The 18th Session of the Commission on Human Settlements will meet in Nairobi, Kenya from 12-16 February 2001. He added that there is a need to refocus development strategies on key basic economic infrastructure. Kanchan Chopra concluded by highlighting issues for further discussion, including: whether a meaningful definition of social capital for poverty alleviation needs to distinguish between formal and informal institutions; what the appropriate degree of decentralization is; what the role of human capital formation is; how social entrepreneurs emerge; why there is a dearth of informal social capital in the urban context; and what role formal legal, financial and market institutions can play in sustainable urban development. Even amongst those working, 169 million youth were living in poverty. Another speaker noted that where the poor do cause degradation, it is not an issue of blame but rather that those in poverty have no alternatives, as wealth is necessary to create options. The developing countries have been criticized for their inability toreduce poverty and contribute to sustainable agricultural development. The costs of conflict are staggering, paid in lives lost, in absence of growth, and increases in forced displacement. The Committee on Trade and Environment is scheduled to meet from 13-14 February, 27-28 June and 30-31 October. She said sustainable development encompasses poverty intervention in developing countries as well as lifestyle issues in developed countries. He also calls for: a strong, competitive, stable and efficient private sector through a sound legal and regulatory environment; a stable macroeconomic framework that reduces vulnerability to inevitable shocks associated with global engagement; public provision of health, infrastructure and education services, as well as an enabling environment for private sector involvement in providing these services; and openness of developed country markets to developing country exports. He said a sustainable development framework for poverty alleviation should place the individual, family and community in the center of the equation. Disagreeing with the suggestion of an aid/foreign policy dichotomy, one participant stressed that foreign policy today is about global issues such as environmental degradation that cannot be solved by one country alone. We are all pro-growth. That is why the UN Secretary-General has put conflict prevention at the core of his priorities. Clearly, no poverty reduction is possible without peace. For further information on Sustainable Developments, including requests to provide reporting services, contact the Director of IISD Reporting Services at [email protected]. Poverty alleviation is an essential step in the direction of defending the humanity's dignity and it is the prerequisite for creating development perspectives for the “damned of the earth,” which now number about a billion, when speaking about extreme poverty. Discussions and conclusions from this meeting are expected to contribute to ongoing efforts to address poverty alleviation and sustainable development issues in relevant organizations and agencies both in Canada and internationally, as well as international processes such as the Financing for Development initiative and the Ten Year Review of the UN Conference on Environment and Development in 2002 ("Rio+10"). In many developing countries, this was linked to increasing commodity prices, with benefits accumulating at the top. ... understanding is poverty, alleviation and sustainable development . He called attention to the impact of the new US administration, noting that it had "a lot of hard edges, a lot of good people with prejudices we have to respect but do not share." Climate change and environmental degradation add to the challenges. She outlined the contributions of stakeholders from different sectors in driving change and the creation of a system with outputs at different time intervals to ensure on-going commitment by the community. Another source of shocks and instability is violent conflict. Noting that poverty is situation-specific, she suggested IISD might undertake analyses to create a typology of situations in which specific policies and economic instruments work effectively. On the role of the private sector, she said it can support sustainable development if success is measured in a multidimensional way. He called for further consideration of why poverty levels have declined so significantly in that region. Discussion: In the ensuing discussion, one participant commented on the need to take community priorities as the starting point for poverty alleviation and sustainable development initiatives and to build on local traditions. In both developed and developing countries, political processes interacted with economic ones in ways that led to the accumulation of income at the top - including by weakening the bargaining power of trade unions and deregulating the financial sector, weakening social protection where it existed or undertaking fiscal policies (both on the taxation and on the spending sides) that made transfers for those “left behind” more difficult. I will also argue that it is key to bring people out of poverty, and to keep them there – since many fall into, sometimes back into, poverty as a result of shocks (economic downturns, conflict, natural hazards) that they are ill equipped to deal with. One speaker noted linkages between poverty and population growth and stated that having 2.5 billion people on less than two dollars per day was unacceptable. Its expanded south-south cooperation and new global platform -- the Belt and Road initiative -- have the potential to act as Sustainable Development Goals accelerators across many low income and fragile countries, with heavy investment in infrastructure, energy and industrialization as well as social sector needs. There can be no sustainable development without peace and no peace without sustainable development.” Panelist’s comments: Workshop panelist Keith Bezanson, Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex, UK, noted the need to draw historical lessons when considering PRSPs and sustainable development. To sum up, eradicating and ensuing that no one is left behind demands that we consider three key aspects. The special theme for the 35th Session, to be held in 2002, will be "Reproductive rights and reproductive health, with special reference to HIV/AIDS." This would be the consequence of two interrelated factors. Widespread poverty is an enduring problem and poverty alleviation has been a key component in development strategies over the past 50 years. A BRIEF HISTORY OF POVERTY ALLEVIATION AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES Widespread poverty is an enduring problem and poverty alleviation has been a key component in development strategies over the past 50 years. Sustainable development is the organizing principle for meeting human development goals while simultaneously sustaining the ability of natural systems to provide the natural resources and ecosystem services on which the economy and society depend. Electronic versions of Sustainable Developments are sent to e-mail distribution lists (ASCII and PDF format) and can be found on the Linkages WWW-server at http://enb.iisd.org/. In addition, one speaker stressed that the macroeconomic policies employed in some countries of Southeast Asia have made it possible for businesses in those countries to support poverty reduction. Another speaker highlighted that the costs and time required to set-up institutions are high. Get in touch, share your ideas, and discover how we can work together for a sustainable, just, and equitable future. On the role of the private sector and capitalism, he noted that it takes time to develop capitalist institutions with a human face and that the process needs support. She said social entrepreneurs bring together different forms of capital that can result in successful experiences on the ground and cited the example of micro-finance initiatives in Bangladesh. She concluded by supporting initiatives within the framework of the existing network of organizations to which IISD belongs and endorsed a focus on sustainable livelihoods, as it builds on previous IISD work. She stressed the role of the international donor community and local non-governmental organizations as brokers in the vertical integration between the micro- and macro-levels and said elements enabling scaling-up should be built into demonstration projects. Reviewing the literature on real wealth and sustainable development, Anil Markandya said indicators need to look at the trends in all types of capital, including human and natural capital. New Paradigm that simultaneously answers the twin problems of Global Warming and Poverty He said there is a lack of evidence to support the view that an increase in poverty always results in further environmental degradation. POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY PAPERS AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT: Keynote speech: Daniel Morrow, Lead Adviser, Poverty Reduction Strategy Program, World Bank, highlighted the 1999 Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSP) approach, developed by the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund, to provide development assistance to low-income countries. SOCIAL CAPITAL AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT: THE ROLE OF MARKET AND NON-MARKET INSTITUTIONS IN A DEVELOPING COUNTRY: Keynote speech: The keynote speech on this issue was presented by Kanchan Chopra, Institute of Economic Growth, University Enclave of Delhi, India. Reaching the Last Mile of Exclusion China is also leveraging its experience internationally. He said the workshop should not necessarily seek consensus, but should identify key issues, possible solutions or approaches and act as a catalyst for discussions and dialogue. It is essential for poverty eradication since global poverty is overwhelmingly rural. On ownership of development processes, he said it is a dynamic and complex issue, and questioned whether it is realistic to assume ownership in urban areas and at the national level. He stressed that conditionality has not been eliminated, as funds will be transferred only under credible PRSPs and governments will be held accountable to undertakings contained in PRSPs. He noted some reservations by Markandya on evidence that poverty causes environmental degradation and greater confidence that environmental degradation harms the poor more than the wealthy. One participant noted that the market – and indeed the capitalist system itself – can come in many different forms and said a "human face" was required, while another said that any system could be harmful if taken to extremes. Angela Cropper, IISD Board Member, suggested possible directions for future IISD activities. The Summit will aim to reinvigorate the global commitment to sustainable development at the highest level. © 2020 United Nations Development Programme, Targeted Poverty Alleviation & 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda. Keith Bezanson underscored the need to identify the gaps in our understanding on these issues, particularly in terms of how to operationalize valuable concepts such as participation and ownership. As long as we are committed to respect their integrated and indivisible nature, the pursuit of the Sustainable Development Goals will “transform our world” and should enable us, for the first time in history, to eradicate poverty. He said a long-term framework from donors that is not subject to short-term political change is required, as development is too important to be affected by frequent policy shifts. He said the prevailing economic model puts pressure on governments to cut back on policies for poverty reduction and investment in social and environmental issues. Anil Markandya outlined the vision for development outlined by Joseph Stiglitz. Panelist Roy Culpeper highlighted the message of creating trust at the local, national and international levels. This session will focus on: atmosphere; energy/transport; information for decision making and participation; and international cooperation for an enabling environment. He cautioned against a focus within the PRSP process on short-term goals, as they may distort long-term investments needed for sustainable development and crowd out other investments. It is an honor to join you today. The priority attributed to prevention by the UN Secretary-General reflects the spirit of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, which reads, in part: “[w]e are determined to foster peaceful, just and inclusive societies which are free from fear and violence. In recent years, tackling such widespread poverty appears once more to have become a priority issue for many aid agencies. Regarding donor coordination, he said it is not always positive. On how to implement the PRSP approach, he identified the need to find a balance between speed of implementation and quality of the strategy papers as one challenge, noting the need for low-income countries to develop sufficient social capital for implementation as well as incentives for countries to move quickly in order to achieve interim debt relief under the Highly Indebted Poor Country (HIPC) initiative. POVERTY ALLEVIATION AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT: IMPLICATIONS FOR THE MANAGEMENT OF NATURAL CAPITAL: Keynote speech: Anil Markandya, University of Bath/World Bank, delivered the keynote speech on this issue. Sinopec's Fixed-point Poverty Alleviation and Pairing Program Lifts Eight Counties Out of Poverty in Response to UN Sustainable Development Goals … Keeping People out of Poverty: Managing Risk moral- commitment. 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