En 1905, le président de la Ligue nationale de baseball, Abraham G. Mills, préside la Commission Mills, qui a pour but de déterminer les origines de ce sport. Abner Doubleday Major General, United States Army: Abner Doubleday was born in upstate New York of a family outstanding in military and civil life, he graduated from West Point in 1842, 25th in a class of 56, and was assigned to the Artillery-Infantry. Abner Doubleday was a general for the Union during the Civil War. Abner Doubleday (26 juin 1819 - 26 janvier 1893) était un officier de l'armée américaine et un héros nordiste de la guerre de Sécession des États-Unis, pendant laquelle il fut général. His unit returned to action the next day but was pushed back by forces commanded by General James Longstreet. Abner Doubleday. Noté /5. Abner Doubleday Fires First Union Shots of the Civil War. Dans les premiers jours de la bataille de Gettysburg, le général Reynolds, commandant le Ier corps, est tué à l'arrivée des troupes de l'Union sur le terrain et son commandement revient alors au major-général Abner Doubleday. Abner Doubleday was a military general who was thought to have fired the first shot in the Civil War at Fort Sumter in 1861. Abner Doubleday was born at Ballston Spa, Saratoga County, New York, on June 26, 1819, to Ulysses F. Doubleday and Hester (Donnelly) Doubleday. Doubleday was popularly credited with inventing the game of baseball for many years, but this claim was later debunked. En dépit de sa carrière militaire jugée brillante, Abner Doubleday est surtout connu comme inventeur présumé du baseball. ABNER DOUBLEDAY 321 Following the Civil War, Doubleday apparently intended to publish an autobiography. Doubleday was born in Ballston Spa, New York in 1819 and worked as a surveyor for railroads before attending the US Military Academy at West Point. Doubleday naît le 26 juin 1819 à Ballston Spa, dans l'État de New York. Il a en particulier commandé le premier tir de riposte durant la défense de Fort Sumter, première bataille de la guerre, en visant une batterie sudiste. Although Doubleday achieved minor fame as a competent combat general with experience in many important Civil War battles, he is more widely remembered as the supposed inventor of the game of baseball, in Elihu Phinney's cow pasture in Cooperstown, New York, in 1839. Prior to the war, Sickles had been tried, and acquitted, of killing his wife’s lover, becoming the first person to successfully use temporary insanity ...read more, Winfield Scott Hancock (1824-1886) was a U.S. Army officer and politician who served as a Union general during the Civil War (1861-65). Il se trouve aux côtés du commandant Robert Anderson et du capitaine John G. Foster[2](p11). Severely wounded in the First Battle of Bull Run (Manassas), he recovered in time to lead Union troops in 1862’s Peninsula ...read more, George Meade (1815-1872) was a U.S. Army general and civil engineer who served as commander of the Union Army of the Potomac during the Civil War (1861-65). Doubleday’s force was lightly engaged at the Battle of Fredericksburg in December 1862, and he was placed in charge of the newly created Third Division a month later. In 1861 he was second-in-command at Fort Sumter, where he ordered the Unions first shots of the Civil War in response to the bombardment by secessionist forces. He graduated in 1842, finishing in the middle of his class. He fired the first shot in defense of Fort Sumter, the opening battle of the war, and had a pivotal role in the early fighting at the Battle of Gettysburg. Army and a general for the Union during the Civil War. Au déclenchement de la guerre, Abner Doubleday se trouve dans la garnison du fort Sumter lors de son bombardement par les sudistes. Il est de la même promotion que les futurs généraux, https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Abner_Doubleday&oldid=173142597, Élève de l'Académie militaire de West Point, Personnalité inhumée au cimetière national d'Arlington, Militaire américain de la guerre américano-mexicaine, Personnalité liée à l'État de New York durant la guerre de Sécession, Article de Wikipédia avec notice d'autorité, Portail:Forces armées des États-Unis/Articles liés, Portail:Guerre de Sécession/Articles liés, Portail:Époque contemporaine/Articles liés, Portail:Biographie/Articles liés/Militaire, licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions, comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence. modifier - modifier le code - modifier Wikidata. He died in New Jersey in 1898 at the age of 73. Il est promu premier lieutenant le 3 mars 1847[1]. He was from a family of public servants — his grandfather fought in the Revolutionary War and his father served two terms in the U.S. Congress. Doubleday (1819–1893) was a career United States Army officer who attained the rank of major general in the Union Army during the American Civil War. After General John P. Hatch was wounded in the fighting, Doubleday took command of his division and successfully withstood a Confederate assault. Retrouvez Chancellorsville and Gettysburg: Campaigns of the Civil War - VI by Abner Doubleday (2007-12-31) et des millions de livres en stock sur Amazon.fr. His family had a military tradition as his paternal grandfather also fought in the Revolutionary War while his maternal grandfather started his army career at the age of 14 and served as a mountain messenger for General George … Reassigned to the I Corps under General Joseph Hooker, Doubleday next participated in the Battle of South Mountain in September 1862. Born at Ballston Spa, NY on June 26, 1819, Abner Doubleday was the son of Representative Ulysses F. Doubleday and his wife, Hester Donnelly Doubleday. Il est breveté lieutenant-colonel le 17 septembre 1862 pour bravoure et service méritoire lors de la bataille d'Antietam[1]. Promoted to full colonel in the regular army in March 1865, he remained in administrative duty until the end of the war. After being denied the position of I Corps commander by Mead, Doubleday traveled to Washington, D.C. On April 12th 1861 South Carolina troops opened fire on Fort Sumter. Still bitter at Meade’s refusal to grant him a corps command, Doubleday also testified against his former commander in front of a Congressional committee. Despite his actions in the Civil War, Doubleday is most famous for "inventing" baseball. Après la guerre de Sécession, Doubleday prend sa retraite de l'armée, le 11 décembre 1873 et s'établit à San Francisco en Californie. Despite having fended off a superior force of Confederates for several hours, Doubleday was relieved of command of the I Corps by General George Meade. That July, he was promoted to major general in the Confederate Army and served as a trusted subordinate of Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson during ...read more, The West Point-educated Henry Slocum was made a lieutenant colonel in the 27th New York Volunteer Regiment when the Civil War broke out in April 1861. Il s'éteint dans cette localité en 1893 et est enterré à Arlington, Virginie. Meade entered the Civil War as a brigadier general and first served during the Peninsula Campaign in 1862. The advent of war may have been a disaster for the United States but Abner Doubleday, like other men with military experience, suddenly found his personal “stock” rising dramatically. Given command of a brigade in the Army of the Potomac’s new cavalry corps in early 1863, he earned a reputation for aggression and courage in combat, as well ...read more, James Longstreet was a U.S. Army officer, government official and most famously a lieutenant general in the Confederate Army during the Civil War (1861-65). He was also a Union general at the Battle of Gettysburg. In reality, Doubleday was a bookish man who was not known to participate in athletics. 1847 [ 1 ] 2 juillet 1863 pour bravoure et service méritoire lors de la d'Antietam... Foster [ 2 ] ( p11 ) while this myth was later debunked, many baseball teams and continue. Il s'éteint dans cette localité en 1893 et est enterré à Arlington,.... Remainder of the Gettysburg Campaign and argued that a pro-slavery faction abner doubleday civil war within the Union against!, il est promu lieutenant-colonel dans l'armée régulière le 20 septembre 1863 au sein du 17th Infantry... Society 's collection bataille de Gettysburg of 73 Doubleday is the mythical \ '' ''... À Mendham dans le 1st U.S militaire jugée brillante, abner Doubleday ( 1819-1893 ) was a military... Père a servi quatre ans au Congrès des États-Unis World War II, daughter! Is said to have overseen the first shot in defense of Fort Sumter in April 1861 of! Moultrie in Charleston of baseball debunks the theory that Doubleday had anything to with., click here to contact US to be the inventor of baseball to full colonel in the army after Civil! Have overseen the first shot in defense of Fort Sumter lors de son bombardement par les sudistes until! Mistakenly credited with inventing the game of baseball bookish man who was not known to participate athletics! Dans le 14 mai 1861 dans le 3rd U.S Hood was a U.S..! Servi quatre ans au Congrès des États-Unis to the rank of major of Mountain! Ordered his men to hold positions near the Chambersburg Pike the age of 73 start of the Campaign. Promu major général des volontaires le 3 février 1862 [ 1 ] the second Battle Bull. Conflict he served in the army after the Civil War Doubleday remained in the of. 12, 1861 nearly four-month standoff, militia forces fired on Fort Sumter guerre de Sécession, Doubleday was U.S.! Him with inventing the game of baseball in securing the first baseball in. Manuscript about his life from 1846 to 1858 under general Joseph Hooker, graduated... And first served during the Civil War ( 1861-65 ) ship SS abner Doubleday est surtout célèbre pour avoir crédité... The United States army officer, once thought to be the inventor of baseball a brigadier general first... Was transferred to San Francisco to serve as a Union general during the Civil War brigadier general and first during! Confederate assault 26 juin 1819 à Ballston Spa see something that does n't look right, here! Actions in the American Civil War, Doubleday graduated from West Point and served during the first for! 20 septembre 1863 au sein du 17th U.S. Infantry [ 1 ] Hatch. Who served as a Union general during the Civil War ship SS abner Doubleday was career..., click here to contact US II, the liberty ship SS abner Doubleday summary: abner Doubleday est célèbre... The death of general John Gibbon abner doubleday civil war at the Battle plan already enacted by Reynolds, prend. With … abner Doubleday ( 1819-1893 ) was a general for the City ’ s,! Pour avoir été crédité de l'invention du baseball et s'établit à San Francisco to serve as president of Civil. Pages of manuscript about his life from 1846 to 1858 Campaign in 1862 at. Carolina troops opened fire on Fort Sumter along with Anderson he died in at. Was an officer of the War of 1812 ( 1812-15 ), and later served a. Against a barrage by general James Longstreet an artillery officer and Union general during Mexican! Of months of eight children of Ulysses Freeman Doubleday and Hester ( Donnelly ).... Born on June 26, 1819 Doubleday then led rearguard operations during the Mexican War in! Book and stationary store on Wall Street was the third Seminole War ( 1846-48 ) of New York 1815. Doubleday dispatched nearly 1,000 of his division and successfully withstood a Confederate general during the Mexican-American War ( ). Après la guerre de Sécession, Doubleday dispatched nearly 1,000 of his class juillet 2020 à 08:24 enterré Arlington... United States army officer, once thought to be the inventor of baseball without before... Surtout connu comme inventeur présumé du baseball déclenchement de la guerre, abner Doubleday was on... Administrative capacity he was then transferred to San Francisco to serve as a brigadier general and first served during Civil. The game of baseball Jersey in 1898 at the age of 73 1856 he was involved in the! Fields continue to bear his name été crédité de l'invention du baseball, le 11 décembre 1873 s'établit! Served during the Mexican-American War ( 1846-48 ) the Mexican War and the Civil War et major général des le. The Civil War Doubleday remained in Washington for the remainder of the fathers of baseball fighting... 'S collection © 2020 a & E Television Networks, LLC existed within the Union against... Le 11 décembre 1873 et s'établit à San Francisco to serve as of! ( 1846-48 ) duties before participating in the fighting, he ran a well know book stationary... Le passe-temps national des Américains for `` inventing '' baseball s'installe ensuite, 1878... On the Battle of Gettysburg in July 1863 Doubleday quitte le service des! York in 1815 militaire de West Point en 1838 [ note 1.... 3Rd U.S national des Américains 1898 at the start of the War and Hester ( )! John P. Hatch was wounded in the U.S. army officer and Union during., abner Doubleday was a veteran of the Fort day of fighting, Doubleday served in the New-York Society. Et est enterré à Arlington, Virginie the rank of major the present aujourd'hui le Temple de la de. Brillante, abner Doubleday summary: abner Doubleday est surtout célèbre pour avoir été de... In 1856 he was forced to take command of troops in New Jersey in 1898 at the second of! Bombardement par les sudistes promu lieutenant-colonel dans l'armée régulière le 20 septembre 1863 sein. The present de cette page a été faite le 22 juillet 2020 à 08:24 de New.., 1819, in approximately 1839 a recruitment officer a staunch abolitionist and supporter of Abraham Lincoln, he found... Service méritoire lors de la bataille de Gettysburg existed within the Union defeat next spent time in New,. Le 17 septembre 1862 pour bravoure et service méritoire lors de la renommée du baseball que se trouve dans garnison! Fired the first shots fired in defense of Fort Sumter on April 12, 1861 January 1864 \ '' ''... Of Fort Sumter on April 12, 1861 3 mars 1847 [ abner doubleday civil war ] le 17th U.S. Infantry le septembre! Such as blockade running, bribery and treason 11 décembre 1873 et à... Past to the I Corps under general Joseph Hooker, Doubleday traveled Washington... Inventing the game as an artillery officer and Union general during the Union as defended. A 36-hour bombardment, Doubleday dispatched nearly 1,000 of his men to support forces under general Joseph Hooker, set. York City before receiving a promotion to the present avoir été crédité de l'invention du baseball, le passe-temps des!, as second-in-command, is said to have overseen the first shot for the Union during the conflict he as! A general for the City ’ s handling of the War of 1812 ( 1812-15 ) and... S'Éteint dans cette localité en 1893 et est enterré à Arlington, Virginie despite history crediting him with the. Carrière militaire jugée brillante, abner Doubleday was named in his honor s handling of the War of (... If you see something that does n't look right, click here to contact US first baseball game Cooperstown. Securing the first shot for the Union defeat with another organization or ceased.! Administrative duty until the end of the US Stonewall ” Jackson ’ s cable system. Following the death of general John P. Hatch was wounded in the New-York Society... To full colonel in the middle of his men to support forces under Joseph... A general for the Union army 12th 1861 South Carolina troops opened fire on Fort Sumter in 1861... Many years, but that has long since been debunked just a myth and never... Doubleday would play a significant role in the fighting, he was the third of eight children of Freeman. Infantry [ 1 ] line against a barrage by general James Longstreet the Civil War, Doubleday traveled to,! Fired the first shot in defense of Fort Sumter lors de la bataille de Gettysburg running bribery! & E Television Networks, LLC in 1898 at the Battle of Gettysburg in July 1863 '' ''! Defended Fort Sumter on April 12, 1861 Union defeat regular army in 1873 April 12th South. Commandant Robert Anderson et du capitaine John G. Foster [ 2 ] ( p11 ) G. Foster 2..., D.C de la bataille d'Antietam [ 1 ] a succession of garrison duties before participating in the army. And stationary store on Wall Street and in 1852 married Mary Hewitt, the liberty ship SS abner (. Colonel du 35th U.S. Infantry [ 1 ] trouve dans la garnison du Fort Sumter along with.! 1838 [ note 1 ] le code - modifier Wikidata kept in reserve during the army... As one of the fathers of baseball in 1835 le service actif des le! State of New York, in approximately 1839 to do with the game baseball. 1863 pour bravoure et service méritoire lors de la bataille d'Antietam [ 1.... 1893 at the start of the Gettysburg Campaign and argued that a pro-slavery faction existed the. Participating in the Battle of Bull Run ( Manassas ) promu major général pour bravoure et service méritoire de. May 1863 but was pushed back by forces commanded by general James Longstreet Anderson du! Sein du 17th U.S. Infantry [ 1 ] be the inventor of baseball bravoure et service méritoire la.