Settled for a handful of decades but peopled for millennia, it outsizes Canada’s second biggest island, Victoria Island, by an area about the size of Italy. Baffin Island Culture & History. Early Settlement and Exploration Around 2000 BCE the peoples of the Pre-Dorset Culture began to establish themselves in northern Baffin Island. This brings very long, cold winters and foggy, cloudy summers, which have helped to add to the remoteness of the island. To the south lies Hudson Strait, separating Baffin Island from mainland Quebec. Much like their beluga cousins, they may be found in pairs or even in a large pod of ten or more males, females and newborns. This land they gave name to, and called it Helluland (stone-land).[27]. A long-running debate disputes whether the Vikings taught indigenous peoples in the Canadian Arctic how to spin yarn when the invaders arrived in the region around 1,000 years ago. The Landscapes. 98-316-X2016001. From their birthing grounds they migrate in large pods, that consist of a hundred or more seals, to within 1–8 km (0.6-5 mi) of the shoreline, which they then follow, feeding on crustaceans and fish. It is named after British explorer William Baffin, though its "discovery" is credited to Martin Frobisher who landed in what was to become Frobisher Bay in 1576 while searching for the Northwest Passage. Polar bears mate approximately every year with from one to three cubs being born around March. In Canada, Baffin Island takes the largest island. [citation needed], The Hall Peninsula of southern Baffin Island includes the Chidliak Kimberlite Province, which had been found to include diamond-bearing kimberlite pipes. Many believe that Baffin Island is the "Helluland" of Viking legend. Ancient Origins articles related to Baffin Island in the sections of history, archaeology, human origins, unexplained, artifacts, ancient places and myths and legends. The diagram for Baffin Island shows the days per month, during which the wind reaches a certain speed. [...] Our investigations indicate that Paleoeskimo (Dorset) communities on Baffin Island spun threads from the hair and also from the sinews of native terrestrial grazing animals, most likely musk ox and arctic hare, throughout the Middle Dorset period and for at least a millennium before there is any reasonable evidence of European activity in the islands of the North Atlantic or in the North American Arctic. Additionally, the communities of Qikiqtarjuaq and Cape Dorset are located on offshore islands. Inuit culture is ancient and very much alive today. The varieties of water birds that nest here include coots, loons, mallards, and many other duck species. Female polar bears may travel 10–20 km (6–12 mi) inland to find a large snow bank where they dig a den in which to spend the winter and later give birth. A vast, wild, and sparsely populated area, it is the cornerstone of the sprawling Canadian Arctic Archipelago. In the winter, the sun sets on November 22 and does not rise again until January 19 of the next year. [2] The Dorset people were replaced by the Thule People, a paleo-Eskimo culture and a predecessor of modern Inuit Greenlanders as early as the eighth century C.E..[3] Baffin Island is geographically and geologically a continuation of Labrador, from which it is separated by Hudson Strait. Covering close to 6,000 km2, the ice cap has thinned 1.7 m (6 ft) between 1970 and 1984. With its huge size of 507K sq.km (196K sq.miles) and virtually non-existence of roads, it is extremely difficult to explore this island by conventional means. These include: that it originated in Alaska or another part of the western Arctic; that it was either derived from, or was strongly influenced by, certain Archaic or Woodland cultures farther south; or that it was a fundamentally Eskimo (Inuit) culture which had developed from a culture called Pre-Dorset. [8] Migrating at speeds of 15–20 km/h (9-12 mph), the pods swim in sync, surfacing for air at the same time, then diving and swimming up to 1–2 km (0.6-1.2 mi) before surfacing again. Usually travelling in pods of two or more, they can often be found very close to shore (100 m [330 ft] or less). In Inuktitut—the language of the Inuit—Auyuittuq means "the land that never melts." Until 1987, the town was called Frobisher Bay, after the English name for the bay on which it is located, named for Martin Frobisher. Relics, including yarn and a carved face mask discovered near Kimmirut, point to European contact with the Inuit of Baffin Island as early as 1,000 years ago. He was retracing the steps of another. The meetings were also meant to allow community members from Pond Inlet, Sanirajak, Igloolik, Clyde River and Arctic Bay—the five communities on northern Baffin Island most affected by the mine—to participate in the process. This vast, remote region is a pure and beautiful landscape of icebergs, sea cliffs, and mountains, and home to a wealth of wildlife, including whales and polar bears. Baffin Island has been inhabited by the Inuit for thousands of years. To the east are Davis Strait[9] and Baffin Bay,[10] with Greenland beyond. The coastlines of West Greenland and Baffin Island are simply stunning with towering mountains, glaciers and icebergs and are rich in wildlife and marine life, Inuit culture and history. It is larger in area than Spain, but has a population of only 13,000 people (2016). It is located in the region of 70° N and 75° W.[4], It was named by English colonists after English explorer William Baffin. A frozen lake on a remote island off Canada's northern coast has yielded remarkable insights into how the Arctic climate has changed dramatically over 50 years. Chances to visit cultural sites and learn about the local animals and vegetation [18][19][20], The Barnes Ice Cap, in the middle of the island, has been retreating since at least the early 1960s, when the Geographical Branch of the then Department of Mines and Technical Surveys sent a three-man survey team to the area to measure isostatic rebound and cross-valley features of the Isortoq River. It is Canada's oldest ice, being approximately 20,000 years-old. It’s Baffin Island that draws the most visitors to Nunavut every year, and it isn’t hard to see why. Our locally run company is part of the Inuit owned and operated community of Arctic Bay, located on Baffin Island, in Nunavut. Baffin Island (Inuktitut: ᕿᑭᖅᑖᓗᒃ, Qikiqtaaluk) is an island in Nunavut, Canada.It's the world's fifth largest island. Baffin Island, 183,810 sq mi (476,068 sq km), c.1,000 mi (1,610 km) long and from 130 to 450 mi (210–720 km) wide, in the Arctic Ocean, Nunavut Territory, Canada. Baffin Island is huge, largest Island in Canada so to cover all in one entry is impossible. Arctic foxes are scavengers and often follow polar bears to get their leavings. The ringed seal is a year-round resident of Baffin Island, where it lives off-shore within 8 km (5 mi) of land. (Page of tag Baffin Island) [citation needed], The Arctic wolf and the Baffin Island wolf, a grey wolf subspecies, are also year-round residents of Baffin Island. The western side of the island is covered largely by tundra. Explore In The Footsteps of History. On Baffin Island, arctic foxes are sometimes trapped by Inuit, though there is not a robust fur-industry. This page was last edited on 26 November 2020, at 00:27. Many of the plants in the park grow in clumps to create their own warmer "microclimate" to survive the harsh Arctic conditions. In September 2008, the Nunatsiaq News, a weekly newspaper, reported that Patricia Sutherland, who worked at the Canadian Museum of Civilization, had archaeological remains of yarn and cordage [string], rat droppings, tally sticks, a carved wooden Dorset culture face mask depicting Caucasian features, and possible architectural remains, which indicated that European traders and possibly settlers had been on Baffin Island not later than 1000 CE. Spring thaw arrives much later than normal for a position straddling the Arctic Circle: around early June at Iqaluit in the south-east but around early- to mid-July on the north coast where glaciers run right down to sea level. Visit one of the most unique polar tourism destinations in the world with Arctic Bay Adventures. The two largest lakes on the island lie in the south-central part of the island: Nettilling Lake (5,542 km2 [2,140 sq mi]) and Amadjuak Lake (3,115 km2 [1,203 sq mi]) further south. The total population of the island is estimated at 11,000, all Inuit. So, as Sutherland said, if you believe that spinning was not an indigenous technique that was used in Arctic North America, then you have to consider the possibility that as "remote as it may seem," these finds may represent evidence of contact with Europeans prior to the Vikings' arrival in Greenland. Arctic fox are found on the fast ice, remaining close to land in their search for seals. historical climate data web site is a gateway to information on matters such as past (hourly, daily, monthly and almanac) weather includes: temperature, snow, snow on ground, precipitation, rain, wind speed and direction, heating and cooling degree days, visibility, relative humidity, wind … Indented by numerous fjords, a glacier-laden mountainous backbone with peaks up to 7,045 feet runs down most of its 950-mile length. Baffin Island reveals dramatic scale of Arctic climate change Study delves back into 200,000 years of history to demonstrate the devastating impact of global warming [Ottawa]: Geological Survey of Canada, 2007. It is the largest island in Canada and the fifth largest island in the world, with an area of 507,451 km² (195,928 sq mi). These peoples were succeeded by the Dorset Culture, so named because the first physical evidence of this culture was found near Cape Dorset off the island's southwestern coast. Well, literally it means that the brand was born in "The Great White North", Canada; and product that we still manufacture today in Stoney Creek, was first setup for production in the late 1970s. In March, the female polar bears usually deliver 1 to 3 cubs. The team found that some of the spun yarn dates back at least 2,000 years, long before the Vikings arrived in the area. This 15-month expedition began in June of 1927. Polar bears mate approximately every year, bearing one to three cubs around March. The first mission stations were set up by Anglicans on Cumberland Sound. [46], Sea ice surrounds the island for most of the year and only disappears completely from the north coast for short, unpredictable periods from mid- to late June until the end of September. Photo Courtesy: John F. Ho. Inuit from Baffin Island are descendants of the Thule, who expanded eastward across Canada from Alaska in the 12th and 13th centuries. Shore birds include the phalarope, various waders (commonly called sandpipers), murres including Brünnich's guillemot, and plovers. In the winter, lemmings dig complicated tunnel systems through the snow drifts in order to reach their food supply of dry grasses and lichens. The biggest island in Canada (and fifth largest in the world), Baffin Island is a grand wild landscape, the spectacular homeland of the Inuit and an accessible Arctic playground for the adventurous. Baffin Island ( Inuit name, Qikiqtaaluk ), French: Île de Baffin) in the territory of Nunavut is the largest member of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. It is separated from Greenland on the north and east by Baffin Bay and Davis Strait. Released March 13, 2007", Icebergs, feasts and culture in Pond Inlet, Nunavut, http://dsp-psd.pwgsc.gc.ca/collection%5F2007/nrcan-rncan/M44-2007-C2E.pdf, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Baffin_Island&oldid=990696929, Islands of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago, CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of November 2020, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in Canadian English, Articles containing Inuktitut-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2012, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2014, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Barbeau Peak, on northern Ellesmere Island , is the territory’s highest point, reaching an elevation of 8,583 feet (2,616 metres). This yarn consisted of three s-twist strands that were z-plied, much like the way a three-ply yarn is made now, the Baffin Island yarn was a simple two-ply yarn. [citation needed], In the water (and under the ice), the main year-round species is the ringed seal. An archeological dig on Baffin Island. Baffin Island lies in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago just west of Greenland and is the world’s fifth largest island. Similarly, Qikiqtarjuaq is situated on Broughton Island, which is located near the northern coast of the Cumberland Peninsula. Its population of approximately 11,000, three-quarters of which is Inuit, reside in small coastal settlements. Sitting on Eclipse Sound, about 645 kilometres north of the Arctic Circle, Pond is often referred to as the “Jewel of the Baffin” because of its spectacular scenery and abundant wildlife. 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