this research, and include discussion of how the second language classroom may be utilized for both acquisition and learning. Individual Differences in Second Language Learning. LANGUAGE LEARNING FACTORS Second language refers to any language learned in addition to a person's first language. The individual’s learning style has a significant influence on the learning strategy choices. This is true for both first language (L1) and second language (L2) acquisition, although there is an important difference. 13, Issue. Sex differences in second language learning? N = 131, ** p < .01 When extended to the whole sample (all students regardless their major), the results’ significance remained unchanged. A new study is exploring how a person’s native language can influence the way the brain processes auditory words in a second language. Anxiety can be considered a negative factor in language learning, and several teaching methodologies in modern approaches indicate that anxiety should be kept as low as possible. gate how socio-cultural factors affect second language learning. Individual Differences in Second Language Learning 525 21 Individual Differences in Second Language Learning ROD ELLIS 21.1 Introduction Learners vary enormously in how successful they are in learning a language. This also has correlation with learner’s personality. Individual Variation Chapter 1, based on a paper written in 1976 and published in Ritchie (1978), describes how the learning-acquisition distinction captures one sort of individual variation in second language performance. Learning Styles for Second Language Learning (for learners) Learning styles refer to the variations in how an individual learn based on their preferences, strengths, and weaknesses. The biggest step in taking on this new identity is learning to pronounce the second language in a more or less native speaker way. 2, p. 275. So the next step was to look for the differences between students who major in English and those who do not, in terms of affective factors that influence learning a foreign language. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, Vol. ... providing a context for greater opportunity for individual production, and practice and meaningful use of the target language (Philp, Walter, & Basturkmen, 2010). Socio-psychological factors, like motivations, attitude and stereotyping and neurological factors play an important role in the process of learning a second or foreign language. Second language learning even following a common developmental route but the degree of success learners achieved is always different from each other, and this is due to individual differences. 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